Vocabulary on «Health»

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Set 1: Fitness


part of speech: noun
meaning: good physical condition
collocations: in/out of shape

stay in shape

get back into shape

example: I knew I was out of shape when I started getting out of breath running up the stairs.
pronunciation: /ʃeɪp/


part of speech: adjective
meaning: describing a firm and strong body
collocations: toned body/muscles

toned legs/arms/abs

example: There’s no denying that in order to have a toned body you need to exercise regularly.
pronunciation: /təʊnd/


part of speech: adjective
meaning: involving physical strength, effort or energy
collocations: vigorous exercise

extremely/very vigorous

quite vigorous

example: Extremely vigorous exercise can increase the risk of injury and even heart attacks.
pronunciation: /ˈvɪɡ.ər.əs/

Set 2: Eating habits

comfort food

part of speech: noun
meaning: the type of food that provides a feeling of well-being, often sweet food or food that people used to eat as children
collocations: a great comfort food

to be considered (a) comfort food

example: Eating pancakes makes me happy – it’s a great comfort food.
pronunciation: /ˈkʌm.fət ˌfuːd/


part of speech: noun
meaning: the amount of food served to a person
collocations: double/generous/large portion

small/tiny portion

individual portion

a portion of (something)

divide (something) into portions

example: It’s important to add a generous portion of fruit and vegetables to every meal.
pronunciation: /ˈpɔː.ʃən/


part of speech: adjective
meaning: relating to your diet
collocations: dietary habits

dietary requirement

dietary supplement

example: Dietary habits can be difficult to change.
pronunciation: /ˈdaɪ.ə.tər.i/

Set 3: Health issues


part of speech: adjective
meaning: above a weight considered normal
collocations: an overweight man/woman/child

to be overweight

very/seriously overweight

a bit/a little/slightly/a few pounds overweight

example: The growing number of overweight children is very worrying.
pronunciation: /ˌəʊ.vəˈweɪt/


part of speech: noun
meaning: a medical condition in which the body cannot control the level of sugar in the blood
collocations: cause diabetes

get/have diabetes

suffer from diabetes

example: The biggest problem with eating too much sugar is that it can cause diabetes.
pronunciation: /ˌdaɪ.əˈbiː.tiːz/


part of speech: noun
meaning: extreme tiredness
collocations: extreme/severe fatigue

suffer from fatigue

combat/fight (off)/reduce fatigue

example: I fought off fatigue by changing my diet and exercise habits.
pronunciation: /fəˈtiːɡ/

Set 4: Healthcare

medical insurance (also medical cover)

part of speech: noun
meaning: insurance for the cost of medical treatment
collocations: buy/have medical insurance

provide medical insurance

private medical insurance

to be without medical insurance

medical insurance policy/plan

medical insurance costs/premiums

example: I believe that a country’s government should be responsible for providing medical insurance for its citizens.
pronunciation: /ˈmed.ɪ.kəl ɪnˌʃɔː.rəns/

immunisation (US immunization)

part of speech: noun
meaning: the process of protecting a person or animal from a disease by putting a substance into the body
collocations: routine immunisation

mass immunisation

the use of immunisations

example: The topic of immunisation is a controversial one, as some people believe that the use of immunisations is linked to autism.
pronunciation: /ˌim.jə.naɪˈzeɪ.ʃən/


part of speech: noun
meaning: the process of cutting open the body to treat an injury or disease
collocations: have/undergo surgery

surgery on (part of the body)

recover from surgery

example: I was recovering from back surgery then, so I was unable to play any sports or do any kind of vigorous exercise.
pronunciation: /ˈsɜː.dʒər.i/


Health idioms


idiom meaning example
a clean bill of health a decision by a doctor that someone is healthy After months of treatment, I was given a clean bill of health by my doctor.
be back on your feet to be healthy again after a period of illness It didn’t take very long for her to be back on her feet again.
be (as) fit as a fiddle/flea to be healthy and strong My grandfather is in his 90s, but he’s fit as a fiddle.


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